Symptoms and Remedies for Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that progresses over time. The most unfortunate thing about this disease is that diabetes can be controlled by following the rules of medicine, exercise, and diet, but it is not possible to cure it completely. By recognizing the physical symptoms at the right time and confirming the presence of diabetes, it is possible to get a long normal life through quick treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes (sugar, diabetes) is a disease. Which increases the level of glucose or sugar in the blood. Eating food makes glucose in the body. These glucose acts as insulin-releasing hormone in the cells. So that they may gain strength. The importance of insulin must be understood before understanding diabetes. Insulin is one such hormone. Which regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats in the body. Glucose cannot enter the body without insulin. It accumulates in the blood vessels. In such a situation the person does not get his energy. It can make a person diabetic.
Types of diabetes
There are basically two types of diabetes.
1. Diabetes is most common in young children or boys under 20 years of age. In diabetes, type 1 insulin is not made in the body.
2. In the meantime, most people with diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin. However, it does not work properly or the body does not produce the required amount of insulin.
Symptoms of diabetes
There are some common symptoms of diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes can be easily identified if certain things are taken care of. And as soon as diabetes can be identified, control measures must be taken. The symptoms of diabetes are:
1. Frequent urination and thirst
Problems with increased thirst or frequent urination are two very common symptoms of diabetes. Typically, a healthy person urinates 7-8 times throughout the day. Urination 4-10 times a day is also considered normal due to changes in environment or situation. If more than that, consult a doctor.
2. Feeling tired or exhausted
Consult a doctor if you feel unusually tired all day even after getting enough sleep. Because, as a result of diabetes, the body does not get enough glucose. In addition, as a result of excess urine, the water balance in the body is lost. So the body becomes tired and exhausted.
3. Unusual weight loss
Abnormal weight loss without any special changes in diet or exercise is one of the symptoms of diabetes. As a result of diabetes, the body does not get enough glucose. The body lacks the necessary energy. And the body starts using its fat to make up for that deficiency. As a result, the body gradually becomes weaker and loses weight.
4. Darkening of the skin
Acanthosis nigricans is a type of skin problem that causes a slippery feeling in some parts of the skin and black spots on the skin. This skin problem is more common in the neck, elbows, armpits, fingers, and the back of the knees. In most cases, this skin problem is considered to be one of the early symptoms of diabetes.
5. Increased appetite
When the level of insulin in the body decreases, the body cannot retain sugar. The body needs sugars to provide energy. When there is a lack of sugar, the body loses energy. As a result, the demand for calories increases and the appetite increases.
One of the three main symptoms of diabetes is increased hunger. Even after repeated meals, a feeling of hunger persists. In that case, you must consult a doctor.
6. Dry, rough, and itchy skin
Our body contains 50 to 6 percent water. Diabetes causes the body to lose its water balance. As a result, the skin becomes dry and rough. Infections occur on the surface of dry skin. Itching and irritation of the skin create discomfort. Another cause of skin infection or itching is a yeast infection. That problem is very common in people with diabetes.
6. Even if there are wounds or cuts on the body, they will not heal for a long time
If any cuts and bruises on the body take a long time to dry out or heal, it is considered an early sign of diabetes. In that case it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately.
6. Hypo low blood sugar
Excess blood sugar weakens the nerves so the person may feel numb. Not only that, when the nerves are weak, the blood pressure goes down. As a result, you may feel dizzy and weak.
9. Annoyance and irritable mood
Decreased energy in the body and increased appetite can lead to feeling bad and bored all the time. Since the body does not get energy and is not functional, it can make your mood irritable.
10. Start to see less in the eyes
If the vision suddenly becomes blurred or blurred and if there is no eye problem for it, then it must be understood that this is due to the problem of diabetes. Eyes become swollen due to fluctuations in fluid levels inside the body. As a result, the vision suddenly becomes blurred or blurred. In that case, you must consult a doctor.
Causes of diabetes
There can be many causes of diabetes.
1. Eating too much junk food increases the number of calories and fat in the body. Due to this the level of sugar in insulin in the body increases.
2. Diabetes can also be due to genetic diseases.
3. Diabetes can be caused by excess body weight and weight gain.
4. Diabetes can be caused by not practicing daily physical activities.
5. Diabetes becomes a problem due to being under too much pressure.
6. If a person smokes excessively, it can result in diabetes.
7. Diabetes can occur in a person due to taking the wrong medicine without a doctor's advice.
8. Diabetes is the result of a person consuming tea, cold drinks, and sweet foods.
Those who are at risk
In addition, even if there are no symptoms, every adult needs to be tested for diabetes. Especially those who are overweight, those who are not physically active, those whose parents and siblings have diabetes, those who have high blood pressure, those whose blood HDL cholesterol is below 35 and their triglycerides are over 250. Women who were diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy and who have heart disease.
In the case of children
Children who are overweight, whose parents, grandparents, uncles, siblings have diabetes, who have symptoms of decreased insulin efficiency, who are underweight at birth, and whose mothers have been diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy.
Many people do not know when to check for diabetes during pregnancy. In this case, it is necessary to check the diabetes once after the pregnancy as well as during the 24-26 weeks of pregnancy. People with gestational diabetes need to be tested six to twelve weeks after delivery.
How to get tested for diabetes?
There are at least three stages to check for diabetes. Blood sugar should be tested on an empty stomach. This test should be done after waking up in the morning and should be done on an empty stomach for at least eight hours before that. If the sugar level in the test is above 7 or 8, then it can be said that he is suffering from diabetes. The test should be done two hours after the meal. If it is 11.1 or more, then he can be called diabetic. However, although the results of these two tests are normal, it cannot be said that the patient is not suffering from diabetes. In this case there is another test, where the average blood sugar is tested for 120 days. The name of this test is HBANC. Here the blood is tested from red blood cells. If it is 6.5 or more, then the patient should be called diabetic.
With proper nutrition and regular exercise, the onset of diabetes can be prolonged or prevented.
It is possible to halve the risk of diabetes through major lifestyle changes.
The benefits of exercise do not depend on the person's initial weight or subsequent weight loss. High levels of physical activity can reduce the risk of diabetes by about 26%.
Evidence is limited to reducing the risk of diabetes by simply controlling one's eating habits rather than exercising. Evidence has been found that eating more green vegetables is beneficial.
Drinking less sugary drinks is beneficial.
People with low glucose tolerance can reduce their risk of developing diabetes simply by controlling their diet and exercising, or by taking metformin or acarbose.
Lifestyle changes are more effective than metformin.
Metformin is the first choice among the various types of diabetes medications. Metformin has been shown to reduce the mortality rate of diabetics. Metformin should not be taken by people with kidney and liver disease. If diabetes is not under control even after taking metformin for three months, a second oral medication or insulin may be given.
Other types include a sulfonylurea, thiazolidinidone, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, SGLT-2 inhibitor, and glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue.
There is very little difference between these drugs in terms of efficacy. According to a 2016 report, sodium-glucose co-carrier-2 appears to be better than other drugs. The drugs included in thiazolidinidone are pyoglitazone and rosiglitazone. Rosiglitazone lowers blood sugar but is not very effective in the long run. In addition, it increases the risk of heart attack, so it was removed from the market in 2010. Drugs such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors such as enalapril, captopril, etc. are beneficial for diabetics and kidney patients.
A 2016 report called for treatment if systolic blood pressure is between 140-150. Insulin can be taken if diabetes is not under control even with a controlled lifestyle and oral medication.
Insulin is used as the main drug during pregnancy. Vitamin D plays a role in reducing insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes.
Home Remedies for Diabetes
Regular medication, proper diet, and exercise help control diabetes. In addition to these, you can follow some home remedies to control diabetes.
1. Corolla juice
Take three to four karallas. Now remove the inner seeds and make juice with Karolla Blender. Regular consumption of this juice is beneficial in controlling blood sugar.
2. Saginaw leaves
A handful of young horseradish leaf juice or 1-2 teaspoons of horseradish leaf powder mixed with water also helps control sugar.
Amla juice 20 ml twice a day is good for diabetics. In addition, you can eat Amla powder twice a day. It helps control blood sugar.
4. Green tea
This herbal tea helps in making insulin by increasing the activity of the pancreas. So you can drink green tea regularly to control blood sugar.
Regular intake of cinnamon oil or powder reduces the risk of diabetes by 47%! Studies have shown that cinnamon has a natural ability to lower unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels. And if these two elements can be reduced in a natural way, the blood sugar level also comes under control. And the risk of diabetes is reduced.
6. Whole grain food
Have breakfast with whole grains like oatmeal, barley, brown rice, corn, buckwheat etc. Whole grain foods contain fiber, which helps lower blood sugar levels. As a result, the risk of diabetes is reduced. In addition, whole grain diet will also prevent diseases like constipation, high blood pressure etc.
7. Fenugreek powder
Soak 1 teaspoon fenugreek powder in 1 glass of hot water overnight and eat it on an empty stomach in the morning. Fenugreek helps control sugar in water, blood and urine.
8. Neem leaves
Neem is another excellent ingredient in controlling blood sugar. Eat two to three neem leaves on an empty stomach every day. It helps make insulin. This is a useful home remedy for diabetic neuropathy patients.
9. Mango leaves
Mango leaves are very effective in controlling sugar. Boil 10-15 ampatas in 1 glass of water and leave the mixture overnight and eat only panituku the next morning.
10. Aloe vera
Aloe vera gel contains a powerful ingredient called phytosterols which helps in controlling diabetes. Studies have shown that phytosterols have antihypertensive glycemic effects, which are beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes.
Drink turmeric, bay leaves and aloe vera gel mixed with water twice a day.
11. Jam beech
Take 1 gram of dried beech powder in the morning, noon and shortly before eating at night. Studies have shown, 1. Berries reduce blood glucose levels when starved, 2. Increases the ability of muscle cells to absorb glucose and accelerates the conversion of glucose to glycogen. Reduces blood fat levels.
The fruit contains a chemical called jamboline, which regulates blood sugar levels by preventing sugars from being converted into sugar. So eat jamrul.