Kidney disease, also known as renal disease, is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and unable to function properly. The symptoms and treatment of kidney disease depend on the specific type of kidney disease and the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms of kidney disease include:
- Swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itchy skin
- Changes in urine output or color
- Difficulty sleeping
- High blood pressure
As the disease progresses, symptoms can become more severe, such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Confusion or difficulty concentrating
- Seizures or coma
There are several different types of kidney disease and the treatment will depend on the specific type of disease and how advanced it is. For example, acute kidney injury is typically treated with hospitalization and supportive care, such as fluids and medications to support blood pressure and kidney function.
Chronic kidney disease, which is a long-term condition, is typically treated with medications to control blood pressure and to protect the kidneys, and also with a healthy diet that limit the intake of proteins, sodium and phosphorous, and with lifestyle changes such as avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and regular physical activity.
In advanced stages of chronic kidney disease, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be necessary to maintain the patient's health.
It's important to consult with a healthcare professional if you are experiencing symptoms of kidney disease or if you are at risk for kidney disease due to other health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure. Early detection and treatment can help to slow the progression of the disease and prevent complications.